Some overwintering vegetables to plant and sow in late September / October

Now is a great time of year to build a raised bed for overwintering vegetables such as broadbeans, garlic, onions, green manures and perhaps even some winter wheat. With all the sunshine in recent days I managed to make some headway getting the second lift of logs into place and securing these with wooden stakes cut with the axe.   IMG_8234

The cardboard has been down for a while now covering layers of the leaves , nettles and soil/compost from the ditch.


That’s a ton of soil mix, soil content (45%) ,compost (45%) and grit (10%) barrowed on top. The bed is 6 metres long so I divided it into 4 parts each 1.5 metres long. The basic rotation plan is Cabbage family, Onion family, Pea family and Potato family.


In the cabbage ( brassica ) section I’m putting in a few russian kale and perpetual spinach. The kale is spaced 600mm each way.

In the onion section (Alliums) 3 rows of radar onions and 3 rows of vallelado garlic The rows are 25cm apart with the onions 100mm apart and the garlic 200mm apart.

In the pea section ( Legumes) 4 rows at 450mm spacings with staggered aquadulce broadbean seeds at150mm apart. It’s possible to have a catch crop of lettuce between the rows if you have transplants or alternatively broadbeans do even better undersown with a green manure such as a Landsberger mix of rye grass, vetch and clover.


I like to line out the sets and seeds before planting to check the spacings. When planting garlic and onions I just push them into the soil with the roots pointing down, the roots may still retain a fe tiny root hairs to help figure this out. The basic sowing rule is a max depth of twice the size of the seed, about 2 inches for the garlic. The onions can be planted just below the soil surface to reduce the chances of birds disturbing them. Netting these for a while untill rooted is advisable as the bird do tend to like to investigate.


The seeds and sets were sourced through Fruithill farm and the topsoil mix through landscape depot.

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